Even though your houseplants live in a temperature-controlled environment, they are not immune to life-threatening difficulties throughout the winter.
Even if your houseplants are year-round, they might be affected by a variety of winter stress factors, including fluctuating temperatures, dry air, and shorter days that limit the amount of light they receive. During the colder months of the year, it is important to alter the care of your houseplants. By reading this, you will be able to know, 25 Caring Tips for Your Houseplants During Winter.
When the weather turns cold, you’ll need to make some changes to your houseplant care routine if you want them to survive the season. If you’re looking for a way to keep your house smelling fresh and beautiful all winter long, these tips can help.
What are the caring tips for houseplants during the winter season?
There are 25 tips that can follow to take care of your houseplants during the winter.
1. Change the watering schedule.
Most indoor plants require less water during the winter months than they do during the rest of the year. Despite the fact that the air is drier in the winter, plants slow down or even stop growing during the colder months.
Consequently, plants require less water to be hydrated, and this might cause root rot if it is not done properly. Succulents and other drought-tolerant cacti may not require any watering at all, whereas tropical plants may need to be watered on a more frequent basis.
It is good for someone who has never grown a plant is to start by watering once a week and gradually increase the frequency. In the cold, this is a good rule of thumb.
Keep an eye on the leaves to check if they are turning yellow or brown, which shows they are dehydrated and in need of extra water. Similarly, if you touch the first inch of soil with your finger and it’s damp, don’t water.
The soil’s surface can dry up more quickly, but this is not an indication that the plant requires water. It’s time to water once the soil feels dry about an inch or two below the surface.
Do not water your houseplants with cold water. Avoid shocking the plant’s roots by using water that isn’t too hot. Let the water lie for a few hours before watering your plants in some winter climates because tap water can get very chilly.
2. Give houseplants enough light.
It’s okay to move your plants around during the winter because many plants require more than five hours of direct sunlight each day. You can place your plants in the best place where receive light.
To ensure that your plants get a few hours of sunlight, you can reposition them. It is good to use grow lights if natural light is scarce.
Houseplants need 6 hours a day of direct sunlight whereas they need 12 or 14 hours of grow light because grow lights are less bright than natural sunshine, plants must be exposed to them for longer periods of time in order to receive enough energy.
An ideal location is south or west-facing window that is exposed to direct sunlight throughout the day. To avoid a draft, keep plants away from windows that are very cold.
3. Keep an eye out for the temperature.
Make sure your plants aren’t too warm. Plants will be shocked by cold air coming from a door, window, or other drafty areas. The plant should be away from the window because the glass will be cold. Temperatures of 60 to 70 degrees are ideal for most houseplants.
Plants can freeze in the winter, but not everyone remembers to keep an eye on the temperature. To avoid drying out your plants, keep them away from heat sources such as heaters and fireplaces. Instead, use a plant stand.
4. Take a break from fertilizing.
Summer and spring fertilization is important but not in the winter. Because they aren’t growing as rapidly, most houseplants don’t require fertilizer throughout the winter.
Stop feeding them until early spring since continuing to do so will disrupt their normal cycle. It’s time to restart fertilizing your plants when they show symptoms of new growth or current leaves becoming green.
It is possible that some tropical plants, particularly vining climbers or trailers, may still require some feeding during the winter, although at a decreased pace.
5. Check the houseplant pests.
Many houseplant pests, including aphids, scale insects, thrips, and mealybugs, flourish and reproduce in a warm, cozy home. Inspect all of your plants thoroughly for pests, both on and under the leaves. Your indoor plants will soon be infected if you don’t do something now.
Use a mixture of one teaspoon of vinegar per gallon of water to wipe off the leaves if you see evidence of pests, including spider mites, mealybugs, and scale. A few days later, use neem oil to keep pests away. “Shower your plants” in the bathroom if it’s a plant with a lot of leaves. Keep an eye on your plants all winter long.
6. Consider the humidity.
During the winter, houseplants face the greatest challenge of all: low humidity. Homogeneous conditions are ideal for plants, which demand a humidity level of at least 50%.
The humidifier in your home should be moved to a location where your plants will benefit from it. If you don’t have a humidifier, use other methods to raise the humidity level.
The first step is to gather your plants together. Grouping plants together will make the most of the water they naturally release through their leaves, which is why it’s a good idea to do so. Your plants will thrive in bathrooms and kitchens since they absorb the water from showers and cooking.
Another option is to place your plants on or near a tray of water, which is an age-old trick. Avoid placing the plants in direct contact with water. To lift the pots’ bottoms above the water level in the tray, add pebbles or stones to the tray. Then place the pots on top of the stones. Root rot will not be a problem as a result of this.
7. Dust the leaves of plants.
During the colder months, people tend to keep their doors and windows shut, which causes an increase in the amount of dust in the air. As dusty leaves increase disease and inhibit house plants from receiving sunlight, they are terrible for your health and your plants’ health.
This task is especially critical during the winter months when there is already less light. Use any cleaning supplies you have on hand, such as microfiber towels sprayed with mild soap and water, baby wipes, or a feather duster, to clean.
Once or twice a month, lightly brush the leaves of your plants to remove dust.
8. Postpone the repotting.
Delay repotting until spring, when the plant is more eager to expand. Repotting during the winter isn’t ideal and may create stress, but it’s not going to harm your plant if you truly need to do it.
If you have a woody plant, it will go into dormancy during the winter months. Succulents also do not need repotting. Woody plants should be re-potted now so that they can begin blossoming and growing in the spring when the weather warms up.
It’s possible to repot your plants around March or April, depending on the climate in your area.
9. Avoid drafts and breezes if possible.
Keep houseplants away from drafts or gusts that could cool them by placing them near a window. Make sure your windows are well insulated and don’t open them near plants.
10. While on vacation, provide more water.
If you’re going to be away for the holidays, don’t forget your plants. Before you leave, water your plants as usual, but then try putting them in the bathtub together so they can benefit from a little higher humidity level. Consider hiring someone to take care of your plants while you’re away for an extended period of time.
11. Keep your plants away from windows on vacation.
When the temperature outside lowers at night, the air near windows can become dangerously chilly for plants. If you’re concerned about your houseplants freezing, move them out of the window.
It’s common for individuals to leave the plants in place and simply cover them with newspaper.
12. Clear the screens of your home.
Your plants won’t benefit from being placed in front of a window that is too dirty or dusty to allow the sun’s nutrients to pass through. Make sure your windows are clean on all sides so that as much sunlight as possible can enter.
13. Keep all of your plants together.
As a result, grouping the plants for the winter months is a good idea. To maximize the benefits of moisture sharing, group your plants together in the winter to maximize their impact.
You can achieve this by relocating your plants to a large plate or creating an indoor window box for them to live in during the winter months.
14. Mist the plants.
As part of your winter plant care, mist your indoor plants with a little spray twice or three times a day. Plants that thrive in humid environments, such as cacti, would benefit from this.
Be sure to mist your plants early in the day so that they can absorb the moisture throughout the day. Also, don’t forget to mist the undersides of your leaves.
Pests love a cozy, centrally heated home, so keep an eye out for them while you’re beautifying. Every week or so, check the leaves for any bugs and either wipe them clean or use an organic spray if necessary. Place them on wet gravel, as they prefer it, and it will aid in the health of their roots.
15. Refresh the soil a few times in the year.
You don’t have to repot your plants until spring, but you can still renew their soil during the winter by raking it over with a garden rake. In order to protect the soil from being suffocated, this entails pruning and chopping up root balls.
16. Keep limb growth under control.
Due to a lack of sunlight, many plants have withered leaves or long, lanky branches in the winter. The plants will be ready for spring if these growths are removed and pruned away.
17. Don’t be worry about a few leaves that have fallen.
There will be some leaf drop when moving houseplants from outside to indoors. They’re adapting to the decreased light levels indoors, so this is entirely natural.
A small amount of leaf drop when the seasons change is to be expected if your plants are kept indoors year-round. When a houseplant sheds its leaves in the winter, it’s doing so to prepare for the lower light levels that will come with the winter.
18. Prune your plants when needed.
Pruning is necessary right now. Depending on the sort of plant you have, you may not need to prune your succulents at all. But if you have vines in your indoor garden, now is the time to get them pruned.
Pruning overgrown houseplants back to a height of 4 to 6 inches might prune them. This technique promotes new growth at the plant’s base in trailing plants like pothos and Swedish ivy.
Pinching includes removing the stem tips with your fingers or pruners. Make sure to cut down a plant’s most prominent stem and the topmost leaves to encourage the growth of additional side buds. Repeated pinching of fast-growing plants keeps their leaves tight and lush, ensuring a fuller appearance.
19. Check and treat for houseplant diseases.
In order to prevent the spread of the disease, remove and destroy infected houseplants or afflicted leaves or stems. Insecticides can be used to control the population of insects, which can assist avoid the spread of diseases.
Root rot, powdery mildew, and fungal leaf spots (which appear as yellow, brown, or black patches on leaves) are all frequent houseplant illnesses to watch out for (mushy, dark-colored roots usually caused by overwatering).
20. Propagate houseplants when needed.
Division or other methods can be used to propagate several varieties of houseplants. It helps to revitalize an overgrown plant and induce fresh growth. Plus, it’s a cheap method to get more plants out of the ones you already have.
Some houseplants, such as bromeliads, send up new branches at the base of the plant or offsets, which you can divide and put into new pots. Climbing houseplants like philodendron and pothos grow new roots when their stems come into contact with soil, making them ideal candidates for cuttings.
Other houseplants, such as the spider plant, reproduce by sending out runners with young plantlets attached at the end of each one.
It’s incredibly simple to root these to start new plants; normally, you just need to soak the base of the plantlets in water for a few days to help them establish roots, and then you can plant them in soil.
21. Remove dead leaves and dead flowers.
Your plants will produce more blossoms and avoid disease if you remove faded blooms from them. Make careful to remove any yellow, brown, or withered leaves while you’re at it.
To avoid injuring the plant’s stem, use a narrow-blade hand pruner or sharp scissors. To prevent the transmission of pests and illnesses, wipe your pruner blades with rubbing alcohol before going on to the next plant.
22. Rotate the pots of your plants.
It’s a good rule of thumb to give your plant a quarter turn every time you water it, says Gardening Know How, because it doesn’t put too much of a demand on your memory. As a result, the entire plant has ample exposure to sunlight from the window.
23. Check the drainage of your pots.
Transferring plant containers in the spring and summer is the most ideal time. If you’re new to gardening, you may make the mistake of picking a container that doesn’t have adequate drainage or keeping an overgrown plant in the same pot.
Check to see if your plant is in the best possible condition before the winter sets in. The porous nature of terra cotta pots allows the soil to dry up more quickly.
24. Use bubble wrap to pots.
When it comes to protecting your plants from severe winter weather, bubble wrap is a cheap and effective option! This extra layer of bubble-filled plastic around the plants’ leaves will help keep them warm from the outside temperature.
25. Space the plants.
Even in the winter months, it is essential that plants be spaced widely enough apart so that air may easily circulate around them. When plants are too close together, humidity levels can be lowered. Diseases might thrive if the environment is overly wet.
Even in the midst of sweltering heat and high humidity, the temperature of a container can be reduced by allowing air to circulate around the plants. Plants should not be put in a draft of chilly air, despite the fact that air movement is essential.
Top 5 best houseplants for winter season
Here are 5 best houseplants that can grow indoors in the winter season.
1. Christmas cactus
You can choose from red, white, yellow, orange, purple, and pink as the colors of your choice. The red ones are my favorite because they’re so eye-catching.
Bright, direct, or indirect light is required to keep the Christmas cactus happy and healthy over the holiday season. It performs best at a temperature of 70 degrees during the day and 65 degrees at night. They prefer a wet, stifling climate.
2. Snake plant
When it comes to houseplants, the snake plant is one of the simplest and most effective options.
Is it possible to leave this plant alone for an extended length of time and it will not die?’
Snake plants are tolerant of low light and neglect (no artificial light). Offsets are readily produced, and the plant can be propagated by cuttings and potting up its own branches.’
3. Cyclamen persicum
Many of the greatest winter plants for outdoor pots and borders also make excellent indoor winter house plants, and vice versa. Cyclamen can be used to create a mini-garden in the comfort of your own home by grouping them together.
Winter is a perfect time to decorate with cyclamen, which comes in a variety of tones of red, pink, and white.
In lower temps, Cyclamen thrives, and it’s best to place potted Cyclamen near a drafty window or entryway to offer a wonderful burst of color.
4. Moth orchid
However, despite their reputation as a difficult plant to nurture, orchids can still be grown with minimal effort.
Elegant and long-lasting, the vivid green stems of these magnificent plants will add a burst of color to your home’s decor.
Moth Orchids thrive in moderate light, although they may also live in low light. Even in the colder months, these plants hold up well, and they don’t need to be watered on a daily basis.
You don’t have to water this plant every day because it enjoys a dry atmosphere.
Clivia is an excellent choice if you’re seeking a hardy plant that can withstand the winter cold. Flower colors range from crimson to orange on this trumpet-shaped shrub.
Because Clivias don’t lose their foliage in the winter, they’re more suited for the colder months than many other houseplants. Among Clivia’s, most notable qualities are its ability to adapt to a wide range of settings.
Even in draughty, low-light conditions, these houseplants will thrive! Clivias can withstand both cold and dry conditions, and they don’t need a lot of irrigation to keep them healthy.
Watch do houseplants need grow lights for winter | Video
Can you water your indoor plants at night?
It’s a good idea to keep watering to a minimum during the winter months, save for plants that continue to thrive. Avoid placing plants on a window sill that is likely to get particularly cold at night as a precaution.
How often should water houseplants during winter?
The type of plant, pot size, soil composition, light exposure, and temperature of your home all play a role in how long it may survive in a given environment. You should only water your houseplants once every two weeks at the most for the majority of them.
Why do houseplants have mold on the soil in winter?
It’s not damaging to the plant, but this white mold is an indication that the soil is excessively damp. You may remove it by scraping it off and reducing the watering.
Why are houseplants dying?
Lack of light, too much water, a lack of humidity, and bug infestations are the most prevalent causes. Among them, overwatering is mostly affected by this. Plant owners tend to continue to water their plants as they would in the spring and neglect to shift their plant-tending routines to adapt to the seasons, causing them to die in the winter.’
What happens if you don’t have a window to put your plants in?
It is possible to place a plant far from a window, but the light levels diminish as you cross a wide space. Any of these answers indicates that you’ll need a plant with low light requirements and you’ll have to bring it closer to your window.
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