Herbs are a type of plant that every gardener grows in their garden. It has become an indispensable part of the garden. Herbs are mostly used in cooking and medicines so that they play a very important role.
There are many varieties of herbs such as thyme, basil, oregano, parsley and so on. A bit of herbs can make the dish delicious. It is great to place your indoor herbs in kitchen that makes your activities easy. By reading this guide, you will be able to know, 15 Easy Herbs to Grow Indoors for Cooking and Medicinal Uses.
What are herbs?
The herbs are the leaf or other green parts of the plant that are used in cooking to flavor the food. In addition they are used for medicine purposes. Herbs are simply introduced as non woody plants. These herbs contains fragrant and aromatic qualities.
What are the benefits of growing herbs indoors?
The following are some of benefits of growing plants indoors.
- Add freshness for every dishes
- Improve the taste of food
- Save money
- Bring color to home
- Purify the air
- Use for medicines
- Contains more health benefits
Which herbs can grow indoors?
There are many types of herbs that can be grown indoors and here are discussed 15 herbs of them.
Basil is native to Asia and most popular houseplant. It contains variety of vitamins, minerals and a range of antioxidants. There are rounded leaves of this bright green plant. Basil has a strong smell because it is a member of mint family. The leaves can apply for salads and also sandwiches. This perfect herb is often used in Italian cooking. In addition to adding flavor to dishes, it is also used for medicinal purposes.
Sweet basil is mostly used than many varieties. Purple basil, cinnamon basil, lemon basil, thai basil and holy basil are other basil varieties.
By seeds and young plants, basil can grow indoors. Basil prefer sunny spot on facing window. At least 6 hour sunlight is essential. Rich potting mix recommend to use. Basils grow about 12 to 16 height. This require minimal level of nutrition.
Parsley is native to Southern Europe and Mediterranean regions. It contains more important nutrients. This biennial herb is rich in vitamins particularly vitamin A, C and vitamin K but low in calories.
There are bright green leaves. It pays vital role in culinary uses like salads, soups, sauce, herbal butters, herbal tea and well with potatoes and grilled meats. Flat leaf of Italian parsley is widely used. This is popularly used in European and American cuisines. All parts of the plant is medicinal. It really help to prevent from diseases.
It is more familiar indoor herb that need little care. You can grow parsley easily indoors from seeds. Any variety can grow indoors. Every variety is grown in same way. Parsley thrives in direct sunlight so ensure to provide adequate sunlight by placing the potted plant on windowsill. Be sure to keep the soil moist. It can be harvested after reaching a height of about 6 inches.
There are many varieties of mint herb such as peppermint, spearmint, orange mint, banana mint, apple mint and pineapple mint etc. These varieties change due to appearance and flavor. All of them are suitable to grow indoors. This perennial herb belongs to the Lamiaceae family. Tiny white or pink flowers bloom in mint plant.
It is really nutrition filled plant. You can add mint to every herb you like. Young leaves are tasty than old leaves. There are lot of uses of mint such as medicines, toothpaste, beauty products etc. the taste brings freshness and cleanness to the mouth.
Growing mint in containers indoors is really easy and successful. Mint often prefer moderate light. Regularly watering is needed to keep the soil moist. Humidity is important to thrive. This fast growing plant is pest free when growing indoors. Grow and enjoy the fresh mint flavor.
Oregano culinary herb comes from mint family Lamiaceae. Small and oval shaped dark green leaves are very favorable. The plant produces tiny white, pink or purple flowers which are also edible.
Oregano is widely used in cuisines and medicinal purposes. Common oregano, Italian oregano and Mexican oregano are the varieties. This perennial herb usually reaches about 2 feet height. It provides great flavor to pizza and pasta sauces.
Oregano is sun loving herb so that is suitable to place in facing window. With little watering, this can thrive. Fertilize about once 2 weeks. The propagation methods are seeds, cuttings and dividing existing plants. It is really low maintenance plant. Oregano is great to plant with sage, thyme and bay herbs because all of them have similar requirements when growing indoors.
The botanical name for chives is Allium schoenoprasum. Chives is a member of onion family so that it provides onion flavor. This perennial herb is mostly used in soups, salads and well with potato and egg dishes. The plant produces white and purple small flowers. Both leaves and flowers useful to garnish dishes. Fresh leaves are really favorable. As year around plant it grows about 10 to 12 height.
This plant prefers bright light to grow successfully. So keep the plant in a place where the sunlight receives at least 6 hours. Tolerates even the cool season. Rich compost soil is great to grow chives.
When soil is going to dry, water well. Heavy fertilizer does not require because chives germinate quickly. Pest infection is rare. It is really low maintenance plant. To produce more new leaves, you can cut the leaves from base of the plant. Common chives and garlic chives are the varieties of chives. They vary depending on the taste. Both require same care.
Cilantro comes from Apiaceae family. Some called as coriander to cilantro. Why? Because cilantro refers leaves and coriander is seeds of the same plant. The entire plant is edible but often use leaves and seeds since ancient times.
Cilantro is good source of antioxidants. This annual herbs is fast growing plant but has a short life. This cilantro leaves are also known as Chinese parsley. The taste is similar to mixture of parsley and citrus.
Cilantro is widely used in Asian, Italian and Latin American cuisines. The herbaceous leaves of the plant help a lot to enhance the taste of soups and other curries as well as play as fresh garnish for many dishes. Anytime cilantro can be harvested. Not only fresh leaves but also old leaves are added to food.
Mostly cilantro grows indoors in well-drained soil pots. It prefers to full sun but partial shade is fine. Cooler weather is best to grow. Don’t fear to grow cilantro because any serious diseases don’t affect the plant. Some problems that affect the plant when right conditions are missed are leaf spots and powdery mildew.
Lavender is native to Europe. The lavender plant produce little pretty purple fragrant flowers. The leaves and also flowers are used to garnish dishes and add flavor the desserts and drinks like lemonades and other beverages. In addition, lavender assists to relive the stress and promote the sleep.
It is not difficult to grow indoors so that great to choose small variety of lavender. French lavender, Canary Island lavender and fern leaf lavender are great to grow indoors. Planting lavender in terra cotta pot or clay pot is amazing.
This plant requires minimum 4 hours light to grow and flower. You can rotate the pot facing the window or use grow lights or LED lights. Low humidity is fine to this herb. Enough watering is essential for new growths. You can add eggshells to top layer of soil once a month.
This wonderful herb is a member of mint family. It contains vitamin A and vitamin C. rgtme is hardy perennial shrubby herb. The plant produces small, oval and gray, green leaves with pink, lavender or white flowers.
Common thyme, lemon thyme, wolly thyme, juniper thyme and lavender thyme are some varieties. Italian and French cuisines much use thymes. Typically thyme is 8 to 20 inches tall that can vary because of variety. Thyme helps to boost the immunity system and mood.
It is easy to adaptable most soils but. You can grow thyme anytime. It is essential to continue watering and lightning until growth. However overwatering cause to root rot. The leaves can be harvested in any size at any time. Little difference can see indoor thymes than outdoor thymes.
Rosemary is native to Mediterranean region. It is a perennial evergreen plant and produce blue flowers. It is called scientifically as Salvia rosmarinus. There are some varieties of rosemary shrub such as arp rosemary, gorizia rosemary, pine and blue rain rosemary etc.
This is an excellent herb to add nice fragrance for cuisines that mostly used for dishes like soups and meats. Apart from them, rosemary helps to digest the food healthy, nourish skin and boost the mind.
Rosemary can grow indoor at any time of the year. Growing indoors is relatively easy. The plant is best in warm areas with rich well-drained soil and fair humidity. Be sure to provide enough watering. Some weak plants affect problems but all of those problems can be avoided by providing adequate conditions.
10. Bay Laurel
Bay Laurel herb comes from Lauraceae family and native to Mediterranean regions. There are large pointed oval leaves with deep glossy color. This plant is slowly grower. It is usually grown as a tree but it is not issue. You can grow this in a pot using suitable conditions and maintain it as required size and height you want.
This evergreen plant need full or partial shade to grow well. If your room or windowsill does not receive proper sunlight, you can use grow lights or LED lights. Be sure to take large pot to spread roots well. Fresh bay leaves are well suited with soups and stews. Use balanced fertilizer to the plant and deep watering is great.
It is the one of most used herb in Asian cuisine. There are many varieties of lemongrass that bring citrusy fragrance and lemon flavor. This is great to grow indoors because its easiness and productiveness are excellent.
Good drainage is essential. Keep the pot facing window in order to receive full of sun about 8 hours. But allow to receive sunlight at least 6 hours or use artificial lights. Keep in mind to water and fertilize frequently. Little humidity is fine. You can harvest it anytime you want which encourage new growth. Lemongrass helps to naturally repel the mosquitoes in living space.
Dill is related to the carrot family that has strong flavor. There are many varieties of dill such as bouquet dill, compatto dill, fernleaf dill, hera dill and superdukat dill etc. Among all of those varieties you can choose small varity to grow indoors. Dill is used in flavoring food so that it is popular kitchen herb.
It is important to select an appropriate sized container and apply rich potting mix. No matter directly sowing seeds in the pot. Sunny location is great to thrive the plant well. Minimum 6 hours light is needed. Without proper lightning and watering, the plant become leggy.
It is very easy to care indoor dill. To avoid breaking the stem, provide a support like stem behind the plant. After reaching adequate size, you can harvest.
Tarragon is a perennial herb and related to the sunflower family. This versatile plant has light green leaves which produce licorice and anise flavor. French and Russian tarragon are the different types of the herb. Tarragon is perfect to add tasty to oil and vinegar. This also help to enhance the flavor of meat and fish dishes.
It is really easy to grow and add natural beauty to the living space. This houseplant can maintain with a little support. Bright indirect sunlight and rich well-draining soil is perfect to thrive successfully. You can add sand to provide good drainage. Usually it grows about 2 to 3 feet tall.
This hardy perennial plant is taken roundish bush shape. Sage herb has grayish green leaves with woody stems and white, blue, pink or purple flowers. It is a member of mint family. Berggarten sage, garden sage, golden sage and white sage are several types of sage plant. All varieties are popular in kitchen and medicines. The most common kitchen sage herb is Salvia officinalis because there is perfect flavor.
Starting from small sage plant is easy way to plant indoors. This plant need minimal care to thrive healthily so that it is easy to grow. Loamy and sandy soil is great. Drainage hole should be container. Don’t let the soil dry out.
Some common pests affect the plant are white flies, spider mites and aphids. If providing adequate lightning, watering and humidity, the plant thrives pest free and gives more harvest all year around.
Chervil is great to add your indoor herb garden. Some calls chervils as French parsley which comes from carrot family. The leaves are curly and like carrot greens. It is used to culinary and medicinal purposes. In French cooking, chervil is widely used. Chervils can add eggs, meats, sauces and cheese dishes.
Usually it reaches 10 to 24 inches tall. It is better to grow from seeds so that to buy high quality chervil seeds. The container should be deep minimum 12 inches. This herb prefer cool weather. Actually chervil is really simple to grow indoors with right conditions like at least 4 hours lightning and adequate watering.
What are the common caring tips to follow for indoor herbs?
- Choose right plants to grow. The easiest way to start planting herbs is seeds. You should select the herbs as your preference due to flavor and fragrance.
- Use container that should slightly large which helps to spread roots well. Having drainage holes is important to grow herb healthily.
- Select a sunny location on windows sill that vary due to type of plant. Most of herbs prefer to thrive in full sun or partial sun. Full sun means 6 or 8 hours sunlight and partial sun is 4 or 5 hours sunlight. If the enough sunlight does not receive to room, kitchen or windowsill, you can use artificial lights like LED lights because light is essential to grow plants well.
- Watering is essential. The amount of water supplied can vary according to the nature of plant. Most of herb plants prefer to thrive in loamy and well-draining soil. However overwatering is harmful to the plants.
- Harvest when you need. It will help a lot for new growth of plant.
Watch How to grow herbs without soil | Video
Which companion vegetables can grow with basil?
Growing companion plants help to attract beneficial insects and repel pests so that it is useful to keep the plant healthy. There are some vegetables can grow with basil. Tomatoes, bell peppers, chilies, carrots, beets, radish and cabbage are some companion vegetables that can grow with basil.
Which herbs mostly used for soups?
It really can’t say certainly because there are different flavors for each herbs. Therefore, each herb is used to flavor different soups. Parsley, rosemary and thyme use to improve the taste of poultry soups.
Are coriander and parsley same?
No. Coriander and parsley belong to Apiaceae family and the appearance of both are same. But they are different. All parts of coriander are used in cooking and it provides strong spicy flavor whereas only leaves of parsley are used to flavor the soups. It provides a mild flavor to dishes.
Which thyme is mostly used in cooking?
French, English, Lemon and winter thymes are varieties of thymes that are mostly used in cooking.
How chives are healthily beneficial for you?
Chives is really healthy herb which contains many important nutrients that need to human body. It is rich in various vitamins like vitamin A, vitamin C and potassium, phosphorus, calcium and iron etc. All those nutrients help to prevent from cancer, improve bone density, boost the immune system, ease the digestive process, boost vision health and skin health.
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